Oriental Carpets

The Good Things About Oriental Carpets

There isn’t any question about the wonder of oriental carpets. Achieving this beauty through the use of design and colour can only be described as an art form. The truth is this art form dates back to the 15th century. With Oriental rugs, the use of colour and design often creates a work of art that is quite different from what one might have expected. It may seem an unplanned effect, but in actuality, Oriental rugs are an art form. It determines by symmetrical patterns and designs and the repetition of these patterns.

Traditional Oriental rugs date back to the 15th and 16th centuries. At the time, traditional weaving occurred throughout Asia, China, as well as India. Then Turkey, and Iran. There was even some weaving that took place in Egypt and Spain.

After some time, different regions worldwide developed their distinctive designs and styles in their rug making. These styles and techniques were a consequence of the available materials.

Carpet Making

The art form of oriental rugs comes with several different elements, including mathematics, Islamic art, and spirituality. Patterns utilised in Oriental rugs are not just a whim but rather following the beauty of numbers. Indeed the divine origin of the Islamic doctrine, which believes multiplicity is an expression of unity. However, there is no question the beauty of these tied carpets to creative talent and design. But it is also very dependent upon the quality of the yarn used to make the rugs. The rugs are a combination of knots, rows, and wefts—eventually part and parcel of the weaving process.

After the finished weaving, the pile yarn is visible on the surface of the carpet. It is in this pile where you can find the design, pattern, and colour. Despite the fact, Oriental carpet is two dimensional in appearance, it is, in fact, three dimensional in structure. Two types of rug knots used. The Turkish or Ghiordes knot and the Persian or Senneh knot are the most popular knot forms.

Creating Designs and Patterns

The repetition of the knots, coupled with colour and design, produce the traditional patterns that are familiar. The model consists of three characteristics – the unit, repetition, and organisation of a system. For the Oriental design to work, it has to have symmetry. It enables the pattern to have meaning through change and in-variance. By varying with the way where symmetry anticipated repeating transform patterns into beautiful artworks.

Oriental weaving uses four fundamental symmetries in repetition to form its patterns. These symmetries are shaped by how the knots initiated. This symmetry in design completed using border patterns—seven different combinations employed in Oriental rugs. Field patterns are combined with symmetrical repetitions to form the two-dimensional patterns we understand on Oriental rugs. You will find 17 other systems that can group to create the appropriate designs.

The Four Oriental carpets are a complex art form, practised for thousands of years. The beauty we have all come to enjoy and value is higher than skin in-depth.

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BY GRAEME STEPHENS. PUBLISHED 17/12/2014. UPDATED 10/03/2021